Leprosy: Symptoms, Pictures, Types, and Treatment



hello I'm here to talk about leprosy symptoms pictures types and treatment what is leprosy leprosy is a chronic progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae it primarily affects the nerves of the extremities the skin the lining of the nose and the upper respiratory tract leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease . leprosy produces skin ulcers nerve damage and muscle weakness if it isn't treated it can cause severe disfigurement and significant disability leprosy is one of the oldest diseases in recorded history the first known written reference to leprosy is from around 600 B dot C dot leprosy is common in many countries especially those with tropical or subtropical climates it's not very common in the United States the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that only 150 to 250 new cases are diagnosed in the United States each year what are the symptoms of leprosy the main symptoms of leprosy include muscle weakness numbness in the hands arms feet and legs skin lesions the skin lesions result in decreased sensation to touch temperature or pain they don't heal even after several weeks they're lighter than your normal skin tone or they may be reddened from inflammation how does leprosy spread the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae causes leprosy it's thought that leprosy spreads through contact with the mucosal secretions of a person with the infection this usually occurs when a person with leprosy sneezes or coughs stop the disease isn't highly contagious however close repeated contact with an untreated person for a longer period of time can lead to contracting leprosy the bacterium responsible for leprosy multiplies very slowly the disease has an average incubation period of five years according to the World Health Organization symptoms may not appear for as long as 20 years . according to the New England Journal of Medicine an armadillo native to the southern United States and Mexico can also carry the disease and transmit it to humans what are the types of leprosy there are three systems for classifying leprosy one tuberculoid leprosy versus leper amatus leprosy versus borderline leprosy the first system recognizes three types of leprosy tuberculoid leprosy and borderline a person's immune response to the disease determines which of these types of leprosy they have in tuberculoid leprosy the immune response is good but person with this type of infection only exhibits a few lesions the disease is mild and only mildly contagious in lepre matters leprosy the immune response is poor this type also affects the skin nerves and other organs there are widespread lesions including nodules this form of disease is more contagious in borderline leprosy there are clinical features of both tuberculoid and leper mattes leprosy this type is considered to be between the other two types – World Health Organization classification w-h-o categorizes the disease based on the type and number of affected skin areas the first category is possible ciliary there are five or few lesions and no bacterium detected in the skin samples the second category is multi bacillary there are more than five lesions the bacterium is detected in the skin smear or both three Ridley Jopling classification clinical studies use the Ridley Jopling system it has five classifications based on severity of symptoms dot there's also a former leprosy called indeterminate leprosy that isn't included in the really Jopling classification system it's considered to be a very early form of leprosy where a person will have only one skin lesion that's just slightly numb to the touch how is leprosy diagnosed your doctor will conduct a physical exam to look for telltale signs and symptoms of the disease they'll also perform a biopsy in which they remove a small piece of skin or nerve and send it to a laboratory for testing your doctor may also perform a leper meant skin test to determine the form of leprosy they'll inject a small amount of leprosy causing bacterium which has been inactivated into the skin typically on the upper forearm dot people who have tuberculin tuberculosis II will experience a positive result at the injection site how is leprosy treated w8 show developed to multi drug therapy in 1995 to cure all types of leprosy it's available free of charge worldwide dot additionally several antibiotics treat leprosy by killing the bacteria that causes it these antibiotics include dab some RIF Thampan Clovis I mean minocycline a flicks ace in your doctor will likely prescribe more than one antibiotic at the same time dot they may also want you to take an anti-inflammatory medication such as aspirin preed nism or thalidomide the treatment will last for months and possibly up to one to two years dot you should never take the lead amide if you are or may become pregnant it can produce severe birth defects how can I prevent leprosy the best way to prevent leprosy is to avoid long-term close contact with an untreated person who has the infection what's the long-term outlook the overall outlook is better if your doctor diagnoses the leprosy promptly before it becomes severe early treatment prevents further tissue damage stops the spread of the disease and prevents serious health complications the outlook is typically worse when diagnosis occurs at a more advanced stage after an individual has significant disfigurement or disability however proper treatment is still necessary to prevent any further body damage and prevent the spread of the disease to others there may be permanent medical complications despite a successful course of antibiotics but your physician will be able to work with you to provide proper care in order to help you cope with and manage any residual conditions thanks for watching please click the link in description for more information

2 Comments

  1. It could be great it its a normal powerpoint presentation rather than you dragging each slide..that sound provokes my anxiety

  2. Oh

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