Health problems associated with obesity and overweight,diabetes,cancer,hypertension,sleep apnea…



the health consequences of obesity and overweight ooh many and varied ranging from an increased risk of premature death to several non fatal but debilitating and psychological complaints that can have an adverse effect on quality of life the degree of risk is influenced for example by the relative amount of excess body weight the location of the body fat the extent of weight gain during adulthood an amount of physical activity most of these problems can be improved with relatively modest weight loss 10 to 15 percent especially if physical activity is increased to the major health problems associated with obesity and overweight err type-2 diabetes some cancers cardiovascular diseases in hypertension osteoarthritis respiratory diseases sleep apnea syndrome psychological problems type-2 diabetes of all serious diseases at is type 2 diabetes the type of diabetes which normally develops in adulthood and is associated with overweight or non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus n IDDM which is the strongest association with obesity and overweight women who are obese are more than 12 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than women of healthy weight the risk of type 2 diabetes increases with BMI especially in those with a family history of diabetes and decreases with weight loss cardiovascular diseases in hypertension cardiovascular disease includes coronary heart disease stroke and peripheral vascular disease these diseases account for a large proportion up to one-third of deaths in men and women in most industrialized countries and their incidence is increasing in developing countries obesity predisposes an individual to a number of cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension and elevated blood cholesterol in women obesity is the third most powerful predictor of cardiovascular disease after age and blood pressure the risk of heart attack for an biess woman is about three times that of a lean woman of the same age the association between hypertension high blood pressure and obesity is well documented and the proportion of hypertension attributable to obesity has been estimated to be 30 to 65 percent in Western populations the prevalence of hypertension in overweight individuals is nearly three times higher than in non overweight adults and the risk in overweight individuals aged 20 to 44 years of hypertension is nearly six times greater than in non overweight adults some cancers although the link between obesity and cancer is less well defined several studies have found an association between overweight and the incidence of certain cancers particularly of hormone-dependent and gastrointestinal cancers greater risks of breast endometrial ovarian and cervical cancers have been documented for obese women and there is some evidence of increased risk of prostate and rectal cancer in men the clearest association is with cancer of the colon for which obesity increases the risk by nearly three times in both men and women osteoarthritis degenerative diseases of the weight-bearing joints such as the knee are very common complications of obesity and overweight mechanical damage to joints resulting from excess weight is generally thought to be the cause pain in the lower back is also more common in obese people and may be one of the major contributors to obesity related absenteeism from work psychological problems obesity is highly stigmatized in many European countries in terms of both perceived undesirable bodily appearance and of the character defects that it is supposed to indicate even children as young as six perceive obese children as lazy dirty stupid ugly liars and cheats obese people have to contend with discrimination a study of overweight young women in the U they showed that they earned significantly less than healthy women who are not overweight or than women with other chronic health problems compulsive overeating also occurs with increased frequency among obese people and many people with this eating disorder have a long history of binging and weight fluctuations thanks for watching please like share and subscribe for more videos you

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