Cathal Cregg – Physical Fitness Development/Monitoring at Youth Level

so Samaritan base is basically it's a it's an online data storage system which originated from Australia and is been employed with a lot of AFL jobs in Australia a number of professional soccer clubs across Europe and GA started using us two years ago so basically it's for easy collection and storage of relevant information so just a quick history as to how we use it it was piloted in 2013 those one County from each province piloted then in 2014 there was a full rollout of all five Connacht counties and a number of other counties from around the country in 2015 the plan is to have a full national rollout okay so just a quick introduction so how it's used it can be used to a website on computer laptops iPad Android iPads and tablets through apps or to a safari setting so it's very easy and accessible there's individual logins for managers and players and the big thing with it is it cuts out a paper trail for managers and players ok and we taught as I got to the different features and I speak about that so I suppose just to set the scene as to why crawl Park here in the course and games Department to introduce Mary to base and why I took it on board own account and what's why we started using it so sue balls just to take it back a small bit the burnout report in 2007 which was done on 534 players at different age groups from minor under 21 and young intercounty athletes basically what they found was that one-third of players played for at least five teams and out that 26% played for seven closed teams okay one chanted end players were derive a little satisfaction from participating in Gaelic games better to have been made player too much okay thirty percent of them suffered from elevated physical and or exhaustion okay 42% of them felt isolated and felt resentment from their club as a result of participation to County teams 47% of them said a lack of an official floor season and a lack of cap on training has been a major issue for them 36% said that it was very little communication between managers so you can imagine if you're trying to play for seven plus teams if there's no communication between the managers it's a nightmare for a player okay 11% were pressurised into playing on continual basis and 19% pressurized into playing with a number of different teams and playing above their age group so after that report the result the findings weren't create you would have taught that things would have got better but there was a review done last year to the talk somebody might have been added this morning the minor of you group 330 minor players last year were surveyed and some of the the stuff coming out is quite shocking really 24% of the players trained at least once a day if not twice every single day of the week a further 27% trained a minimum of six days per week so what we're saying is our minors from last year 50% of them trained at least once if not twice a day six times a week okay and these are players who are trying to do the legal search studies couple hours in the evening okay and very little rest and recovery being added into their training program okay 81% of them placed under pressure not to play other cause okay so County manager telling them not to play club not to play schools and college competitions okay 62 percent of them played games while injured but it's very poor very bad for their long-term development and 42% of them experience chronic fatigue sometimes are often okay which is which would be expected if you're training that amount and trying to prepare for your leaving start as well okay 35 percent of them desire less trainer sessions and also less traveling from from sessions okay so we'll refer back to that later on so I'm just trying to set the scene as to Hawaii we use the different features on on smarter bass okay so the main features on smarter bass which we use we use for storage of a session attendance lists fitness testing and screening data medical and injuries history and monitoring of of players training Lord basically the player has a specific login details okay he logs in and sees his own specific testing results or medical data then the court shoes over the team can look at his 25 or 30 players okay the games manager can see everyone in the county and I can see everyone in in the province that's the way it works okay so how do we use each function so just a session attendance list it's easy for managers to use that their iPhone or their or their tablet her training the login they were preset list and names and they take in each of the players and then the server to the phone very easy a lot of managers at the moment and in the past comaat excel sheets and they're taking it off and that to bring a to and from every trainer session okay so that cuts out a paper trail there for them very easy and accessible so for the fitness test and a movement screen screen and results when we bring in the Academy teams we do the fitness test and on the different areas of fitness such as speed and power aerobic capacity and movement screens we then put into an excel file and upload it onto the system which makes it easy for the managers to access it's very very useful for a players long-term development so when a player comes into an Academy squad at 14 or 15 we carry out basic screens and fitness test and results and we tailor their program accordingly from the norms that we have gathered which I'll speak more about in a few minutes so when he goes through the Academy squads 14 15 16 17 by the time he comes to 18 a miner manager then can look at his profile and see what ran he has been doing how he's been progressing through the years because what has been happened – this is one manager text in the 15 he hands Martin the next manager that might be on communication he starts from scratch again the same at Seventeen's similar headings okay right through to senior so what we hope to have in four or five years when a player comes on to a senior squad that the senior manager can see exactly what what that players been doing all the way all the way along so managers have as I said earlier has access to the whole squad and the players will be able to see their own individual results so this is just a screenshot of what a coach might see okay so up at the top here with that Lee's name I just have some of them blocked out there okay so with the height weight body fat sit and rage count movement giome standing long jump bangs well max press-ups overhead squat just some of the different tests that we use okay so you can see here at the top the first player has never been tested before so his results just go in there if you come to the second player here if you watched arrows pointing up from the last time that he has been tested his results have increased okay you can see her here the sit and reach has decreased okay and what the color cordon is about is we have different norms so if group wonder 16 is come in from each of the counties okay you're getting 30 players in each the counties then when they're added together you have 150 players and we take the top 20% and we we look to see where they're at so the top 20% there is the bright green and the bottom 20% is there is in the red okay and it goes to tambour and up to red then so basically we we tailor our programs around this as to as to what we've seen here okay just in the next slide so just taken body-fat scores as a as an example we have under 16s here under earrings and under 21s so the top 20% anyone under 6% body fat would be very good okay for and under 16 anyone over 12% would be quite poor okay so for that if a player at under-16 would have would be over 12% body fat we would then get them a small better help on nutrition and lifestyle the same would go for counter-movement jumper stand and long jump our scores they will be put on a strength program if it's a bangs both bangs more test which is the aerobic capacity they might have to do a small bit extra runnin or their aerobic capacity would be developed would be developed through game bear sports okay so there's a lot of data here sitting race course or flexibility there's a lot of data in it so if anyone wants to talk about it afterwards we won't get bogged down with here but if any wants to talk about it afterwards we can talk about here so you can see just as we fly through it obviously as you go to the grades and things start increasing the the physical fitness requirements also increase so if max press-ups there you can see it's an increase as you go through the age groups also at the banks both scores which is very very important for aerobic capacity in both Gaelic and for Gaelic football and hurling because it's a predominantly aerobic sport so you can see how the demands are increasing there all the time so next how will you smash the base is for record medical and injury records so basically it keeps a history of the players injuries and medical conditions it can be important by the players physios or doctors it's ten she is tailor specific to the needs of the player or the professional okay so obviously a player will be just asked two or three questions simply if they get injured then an email will when they import it through their app an email will be sent to the physio or doctor okay then the doctor obviously sells out a far more comprehensive report it's very important for long-term player development again similar to the fitness testing if you have a fewer players getting injured at 14s 15s and he's he's passed on to the next manager he might know about his injury problems past Ironton Seventeen's manager when he comes to a team then he more than life you get the same reoccurring injuries if it hasn't been dealt with properly okay so if a physio when it comes to minor can see that he's had a certainty injuries Muslim type injuries maybe all injuries on the one side the body he can do adequate screening and put amount on programs to correct whatever whatever the problem is so this is just a screenshot of what it what a doctor of physio would fill in okay and then that would go on to the players the players profile so basically if the day from the time at the top there's a little there's a image here from the front and from the back I just have highlighted there the right hamstring so basically when you put the cursor over whatever particular muscle it is if we'll highlight you click that okay then you will say but the dribbles can straight continue train or not yes or no diagnose at what grade of an injury it is is it reoccurring how painful it is when they're expected back and any additional comments and one here at the bottom which is very useful for coaches obviously it would be preset I had been able to train our player but if they're unable to train that that that would be pushed and the manager the court can then go in and see on a particular weaker or before trainer sessions what his list of players that are able to train that day whether they're injured or not okay for four players basically from here down from the question they would only be asked where the injury is are you able to continue and give you a couple of lines on what exactly is the problem okay so it's obviously tailored for for the different ones so next one we use it is for athletes activity questionnaires just to monitor what training laws they're doing okay so the questionnaires are designed to monitor players training loads and also in Academy squads a lot of players can display in different sports plan for different teams out of the their age group so a particular Academy coach may not be able to may not know exactly what they're doing all the time so this quantifies it for them okay it's filled in once a day through an app it's a short questionnaire takes twenty to thirty seconds to fill it in the player receives a reminder text each evening at a preset time so generally I said it for nine or half 9:00 at night because generally players train at half seven eight o'clock you want them to get that and fill it out 20 to 30 minutes after the VAM after they've trained okay it's very good for injury management and monitoring of training responses which we'll talk a bit more about in a boil so just I'm just going to explain how we calculate that the training Lord and this slide is important for for the stuff I'm going to talk about in a minute so RPE is basically a simple scale which is used to rate of perceived exertion how hard a player found a trainer session so it's basically from 0 to 10 zero being rest didn't do anything 10 be maximum they literally couldn't have done any more okay what we do then is we multiply that by the total training time so where there was 60 minutes of a session and that gives you your total training unit so if it was 10 if it was very hard 10 multiplied by 60 minutes that will give you 600 training units okay so we just gave a typical Club week there try and choose deters day game on a Saturday so 80 minutes of a session multiplied by an RP of it which will be just above hired but not not maximal okay gives you 600 training units for that particular training session say I'm on a Saturday on Thursday idli x 5 which gives you 400 the session Watson is hired ok then the match on Saturday was 60 minutes an hour P of H and that gives you 486 ok so what we do then is we monitor over seven days cycle all the all the training sessions so when you add each of them together that gives you your total weekly Lord okay and we will talk a few more in a few minutes about a few research studies as to what what range this should be in for different players okay so this is just an example of a simple questionnaire for an underage squad okay so there push activity there there'll be a little pop down screen which will say whether the gym session was it a game was it a training session out in the field or was a recovery or were they just restin activity was for so a club school College County the sport will be preset after that if it's football or hurlan and but also there will be options there for rugby soccer swimming whatever the case might be then you push in how long the session Mars then your RPE scale so this scale will pop up they'll pick how hard it was and they'll be asked how the felt on that particular day okay very simple once you know how good young lads and girls are on phones now they'll return in 15-20 seconds easily okay this is an example of one that's been used with a senior team so slightly more complicated type of trainin how long they spent on the field what their RPE was there then looking at their sleep energy mood appetite soreness and injury it hope that the injury will be no but if the RAF plant or club or college if yes comes up basically there's a little pop down menu and remember they're the graph we showed up there the player from the front and the back they will then identify what the injury is and the email then we'll go out to to the physio and they'll be able to interact like that rather than the player come to the trainer session coach doesn't know that he's injured okay so I suppose some of your saying so but why would we bother recording this data okay so just one the latest reviews on monitoring train and for understanding fatigue in athletes that the main quote him it was appropriate low management can aid in determining whether an athlete is adapting to the actual training program that you're putting in place and can minimize the risk of developing over reaching illness or injuries in players okay and Annie there was at Dez Ryan's talk earlier he spoke about Gambetta a guy from Australia who is who was done an awful lot of research into monitor and training loads and J's brings more of geranyl on a regular basis of skill and their coaches in in this area and basically what he says it's very important to get the balance between minimum training Lord required to elicit improvement in fitness and the maximum training Lord before you see marked increases in an injury rate so basically what he's saying is we have to Tramp layers hired enough so that they get fish but not showing them too hard that they're getting injured all the time and that you don't have them available for you for your training sessions or your games so one of the demands studies that combat has done is to see the relationship between training lords and injuries in in professional rugby league players okay so what he found was that 50 to 80 percent of players were likely to get injured when training laws were between 3,000 and 5,000 training units okay and these were all soft tissue type injuries not collision obviously it's a collision type sport there were different joint type injuries in that type of sport but we're talking mainly about or solely about hamstrings groins hip flexors quads all that type of stuff okay so police an is three to five thousand training units okay and if we go back to our table the simple one that we showed earlier might just flip back to it note here what we that's training twice a week and a game on a Saturday brings us to fifteen hundred fifteen hundred and twenty training units if we go back to our minor review which said that 50% of our players were training for six days a week once if not twice a day if you put in a trainer session there here here and here to fill the seven days you won't be long getting up to three thousand four thousand five hundred and maybe throw in a double session as well okay and that study that Gambetta is talking about these are professional rugby players who have an average age of twenty four fully developed have all their day to recover we're training our minor players seven days a week the majority of them very little rest and recovery and they're also expected to study for school nine days a week then go home and study for a few hours as well okay so what he also found was the layer you went on in the in the days of competition obviously there's residual fatigue happening all the time so these numbers go down so you can't just keep training players haired all year round it goes down to what he found between 1700 and and 3,000 ok so just going back to what Kanban has said before very important to train them hard so that the gate fish there's no point in wrapping them in cotton mall all the time either with the null point and train them to heard that they're getting injuries all the time and just one of the things there's not a whole pile of research done in GA but one of the very good pieces that started in 2007 was injury surveillance database which basically collected all the different types of injuries that's happening in football and hurlan and it's no coincidence that the two reviews have shown that we are training our players to hurt Muslim type injuries which shouldn't be happening if you're if you're loading your players properly and training them ok 43 42 percent in GA and 37 percent in in hurlan ok we're way ahead of any other type sport ok all these other types sports bone fractures their collision there's contact in the game so they will happen but this this should not be happening up here lads ladies ok so what's causing the training Lords playing for several teams as a Sweeney scene in the 2007 report train and seven several times per week and sometimes more than them once per week playing consecutive days and competitive games ok so in my opinion what needs to change no player I don't think should be playing senior if they're on the r18 ok I don't excuse of if they're good enough if they're if they're good enough they're old enough I don't think that's good enough excuse which is generally the GAR thing to say intercounty players should not be playing college because there's too much going on for that block between January February and March and Airport ok and that will result in far too high of training lords and as a result of that we'll see a lot of injuries those players should not be playing with their County teams County miner teams currently under 16 teams on the skills competition has finished under 20 ones I don't think should be playing senior until until their particular season has finished also and also I feel that all competitions need to be finished in the one calendar year which I hope will go through this year Congress also probably there's too many competitions I think what's happening at the minute is the warm-up competitions that are being put in that are put in place are they're all being taken as we have to win them we have to win them they're not being taken as what they're there for as warm-up competitions for League and for championship it's it's a win at all costs mentality no matter what game that you're training in or what whatever team you're preparing for but to think as coaches we need to get rid of the the egos so what I mentioned there about schools players shouldn't be playing with the County teams onto the school competition is over I think if a school's team is getting on pretty well in their competition I think a county coach needs to have a small bit of respect and say to the schools courts well I think you're you're good enough to cause my player when every year out of the competition let him come back in and let him be fresh and then we train them from there there's no point in and trying to burn it from both ends and burn the player out altogether I think one thing we just need to realize that these young players are not machines or MIDI at MIDI at mini adults they're their children at the end of the day and you can't just keep train them and train them at random without giving them any rest and recovery okay so just a few future perspectives and where we hope to go with this marital base because obviously Ronnie collecting data for the last 18 months or so hope you have to get more accurate testing norms which will allow us to program better for the different age groups and also identity and identify problem areas in the in the area of physical fitness so that we can put in interventions earlier okay so the problem isn't isn't it's a manifesting also get age-appropriate links between train and Lourdes and medical data so we looked at Rugby League players between three thousand five thousand training units is for professional rugby league players maybe that might car let senior County players I think it probably will be a small a bit less because obviously the less rest and recovery with them working all day but obviously in turn that obviously won't be the same for an under sixteen player so we need to find some ranges for that so their coaches can relate it back to also age-appropriate links between the fitness test results the movement screen and results training laws and the medical data so is it is it a problem with the players fitness level is that why they're getting injured is that there are poor movement skills is that why they're getting injured or I we just train them too hard or is it a combination of them all it's probably a combination of them all in the common years I think with the with the way technology is developing GPS will be will be freely available in next five to five to ten years and we better start recording that data and getting proper norms for game demands and and training laws and and that type of stuff and also integrated software which we've started using with one of the Academy squads called visual coaching which is an extra aid where the player can go into it his his way its program or is run and program or a skills program is put up onto us there's a video link explanation and and all that just type of stuff on it where the player can do some training on his own that he doesn't have to be traveling all the time okay so they're just some of the future perspectives and questions now I hope there's been of interest to so me

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