125 Years of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine


(soft piano music)>>Narrator: In his letter
to the board of trustees, Mr. Johns Hopkins stipulates
that the medical school will be part of the hospital,
making Johns Hopkins a teaching hospital. At the opening of the
university, its first president decrees small class to enhance
the education it provides. Pathologist William Henry Welch launches the first postgraduate
medical training program in the country. William Henry Welch becomes the
medical school’s first dean. William Osler is the first director of the Department of Medicine
and the key developer of the School of Medicine’s
first curriculum. Among other requirements,
she sets the country’s strictest admission
standards and stipulates that women will be admitted
on a equal basis as men. The founding four
physicians and other faculty welcome the first class,
consisting of 18 students including three women, a phenomenal rarity at a time when women were barred
from most medical schools. William Halsted introduces
an operative course for third-year medical students, developing new surgical techniques. The first graduating class
of the school of medicine includes 14 men and one woman. Osler insists on teaching
medical students, residents, and fellows at the bedside, which becomes one of his greatest contributions to American medical education. Harvey Cushing, a protege
of William Halsted, opens the first experimental
surgery lab in the nation. Procedures pioneered here
would become standard practice in other medical schools. The 337 page Flexner Report
cites the medical school as the exemplar of medical education, launching a nationwide reform. Founded by medical
illustrator, Max Brodel, it is the first of its
kind in the country, providing profound insights on anatomy and operative procedures
previously unavailable. Considered the mother
of occupational therapy, Eleanor Clarke Slagle becomes the director of the the Department
of Occupational Therapy. Under the direction of Adolf Meyer, the world’s first psychobiologist, the clinic launches a
brilliant teaching program, linking psychiatry with neurology. Working in the laboratory
of William Henry Howell, Jay McLean discovers a
substance in the liver that stops blood from coagulating, which proves vital for
preventing dangerous blood clots. 32 medical seniors,
physicians, and other personnel open the first
university-affiliated medical unit to enter World War I. While serving in France,
the 30 surviving students received their medical
degrees in April 1918. The opening of a multi-million
dollar 14-building college is based on the principles
of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and School of Medicine. The Wilmer Eye Institute opens the first university eye
clinic to combine patient care, research, and teaching under one roof. Home of the Institute of
the History of Medicine and the Department of
the History of Medicine, it is the first academic
department of medical history in the English-speaking world. This pioneering heart surgery gives birth to the field of cardiac surgery. A year later, Blalock
and Taussig would publish their landmark paper in JAMA. Arnold Rich publishes The
Pathogenesis of Tuberculosis, establishing a foundation
for understanding and treating tuberculosis. School of Medicine graduate,
Vernon Mountcastle, revolutionizes neuro-anatomy
through the discovery of the column-like structure of cells in the human brain. This, along with other breakthroughs, earn Mountcastle the title
of Father of Neuroscience. Victor McKusick, a 1946 graduate
of the School of Medicine, founds the division of medical genetics in the Department of Medicine. The life-saving technique,
cardiopulmonary resuscitation is invented by James
Jude, William Kouwehhoven, and Guy Knickerbocker. First intensive care unit in the U.S. is established by Peter
Safar at what is now the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. Working with collaborators
at the applied physics lab, Wilmer Director, Arnall Patz, and others pioneer the use of argon
laser in diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular
degeneration, and glaucoma. Levi Watkins, Jr. is the
first African-American intern in surgery and later
becomes the first black chief resident in cardiac surgery. In 1980, he performed the
world’s first implantation of an automatic heart
defibrillator in a patient. Mario Amzel and Roberto
Poljak are the first to uncover the structure
or part of an antibody’s antigen-binding site,
the molecule that helps the human immune system
fight off infection. Paul Sponseller develops
the modern surgical approach to spine problems related to Marfan’s and Loeys Dietz syndromes. Pediatric geneticist and
cardiologist, Hal Dietz, identifies a connective tissue protein as the culprit responsible for the serious and often fatal genetic
disorder, Marfan’s Syndrome. Researchers discover that hemispherectomy and ketogenic diets
are effective treatment for refractory epilepsy. Pediatric hematologist, George Dover, introduces and first effective treatment for sickle cell anemia disease
pain crises, hydroxyurea. Donald Price genetically
engineers a mouse model of Lou Gehrig’s Disease
that helps to define the pathogenesis of the disease. Lloyd Minor discovers
superior semi-circular canal syndrome. He would go on to develop
a canal-plugging surgery to treat it. Peter Pronovost creates a simple five-item checklist protocol that
greatly reduces infections when inserting a central venous catheter and launches his work in the prevention of patient-related harms. Robert Montgomery lays out the blueprint for first five-way donor kidney swap among 10 individuals,
pairing altruistic donors and incompatible recipient pairs. The new “Genes to Society”
curriculum courses focus on, among other things, how each organ system is affected by genetic
inheritance, biology, social and cultural factors. Ginette Okoye and Sewan Kang
create the Ethnic Skin Program to care for and research
dermatologic conditions that preferentially affect patients with darker skin pigmentation. A surgical team led by Andy
Lee treats wounded warrior using an innovative treatment
to prevent rejection of the new limbs. The Proteum becomes a
resource for scientists in every biomedical field. Hopkins researchers contribute
to a breakthrough study linking Zika virus and microcephaly. Foundational work for
harnessing immune responses to fight cancer by Drew
Pardal and Hopkins colleagues leads to foundation of the
Bloomberg-Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy. For 125 years, contributions
great and small have propelled us to where we are now and new milestones are
being created every day. (soft instrumental music) Congratulations Johns
Hopkins School of Medicine, where tradition meets innovation.

8 Comments

  1. Phenomenal !!

  2. Where are the international sites to get exams and treatment? Who are you in partnerships with and in what countries. Nice public relationship video but it doesn’t help Americans who are overseas.

  3. Thank you for making this world a better place to live.

  4. BALTIMORE! (CITY OF BALTIMORE)

  5. this is a very well put together and helped me with my Bio. paper.

  6. Watching this makes me want to reach out and aim for much more . Thank you Jonhs hopkins. I dream of coming there someday.

  7. I love how they didnt mention Ben Carson. Disgusting. That man was the FIRST to separate occipepetal Crainiopogus twins.

  8. I'm a 50-year-old Baltimore City resident. Just during my lifetime, I've seen the Johns Hopkins Hospital campus in east Baltimore EXPAND beyond what Mr. Hopkins probably ever imagined during his lifetime. WHERE do they get the FUNDS to keep EXPANDING like that? I'm not complaining, just asking a question.

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